Verb Structure in Bactrian

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Abstract

Verb system and its construction are two of the most important issues in the grammar of Middle Iranian languages. Comparing the construction of verbs in Middle Iranian languages and dialects reveals their relation with Old Iranian Languages. The aim of this research therefore is first to review the construction of verbs in Bactrian as one of the Eastern Middle Iranian Languages and second to find out whether its construction is in accordance with other Iranian Languages. To achieve these goals, the editions of Bactrian Documents I and II by Professor Nicholas Sims-Williams have been used. The outcome of the research shows the relation of Bactrian with other Eastern Middle Iranian languages.

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