Document Type : Research Paper
Associate professor, Department of Linguistics, Alzahra University
The main goal of this research is to study, through the Minimalist Program, the mechanism of checking phi(φ)-features (person & number) and nominative Case in Persian sentences. Different syntactic structures are examined in this paper. It is shown that verb raising is overt in Persian and that the uninterpretable φ-features of the finite tense head are valued & checked by the interpretable φ-features of the subject noun/pronoun. The subject noun/pronoun is assigned nominative Case by the finite tense head. In other words, checking φ-features and nominative Case in Persian sentences are in line with the universal Checking Theory. Also, it is shown that accusative Case is valued and checked by the transitive head.