Synchronic Multifunctionality of the Discourse Marker Hâlâ ('now') from the Perspective of (Inter)subjectification

Document Type : Research Paper


Associate Professor of Department of Linguistics, Islamic Azad University, Dehaghan Branch


Adopting a discourse-pragmatic approach, this study examines the synchronic multifunctionality of the discourse marker hâlâ from the perspective of (inter)subjectification. The findings obtained from the synchronic corpus of colloquial Persian indicates that hâlâ has proceeded along the (inter)subjectification cline identified by Traugott and Dasher (2002), Der (2010), and Degand and Vandenbergen (2011). In other words, the semantic change of hâlâ involves increased subjectivity and intersubjectivity. However, semantically, it is more complicated than other discourse markers because it has acquired presuppositional meaning which is beyond the (inter)subjective meanings related to the conventional components of discourse situation.


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Volume 6, Issue 2
January 2016
Pages 121-140
  • Receive Date: 22 August 2015
  • Revise Date: 24 November 2015
  • Accept Date: 29 December 2015
  • First Publish Date: 29 December 2015