Ezafe Constructions in Persian Language from Goldberg’s Construction Grammar Perspective

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Assistant Professor of Linguistics, University of Semnan

2 M.A. Student of the Linguistics University of Semnan

3 Assistant Professor of General Linguistics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Goldberg’s Construction Grammar is a cognitive linguistics approach which has considered ‘Constructions’ as the basic units of language. The present study aimed to study Ezafe Constructions in Persian language from Goldberg’s Construction Grammar perspective. Therefore, this approach is regarded as the analysis framework of the study. A corpus of 3000 Ezafe constructions collected from 10 Jam-e-Jam magazines, have been selected to be analyzed. According to the results, Ezafe constructions are classified into three general classes namely possessive (including possession, addition and attribution), descriptive and relative. “Relation” is considered as the basic sense of Ezafe Constructions. Furthermore, it has been shown that the possessive constructions are the most frequent Ezafe constructions, and descriptive and relative constructions are respectively less frequent.

Keywords


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Volume 7, Issue 2
January 2017
Pages 39-57
  • Receive Date: 11 October 2016
  • Revise Date: 10 November 2016
  • Accept Date: 21 November 2016
  • First Publish Date: 21 November 2016