Writing Errors Analysis of Kazakh Persian Language Learners Based on Corder Model

Document Type : Research Paper


1 M.A Department of Teaching Persian to Non Persian Learners Imam Khomeini International

2 Assistance Professor of Department Manager of Teaching Persian to Non Persian LearnersImam Khomeini International University

3 Department manager of teaching Persian to non Persian learners. literature and humanities faculty, Imam Khomeini International University


Nowadays, errors made by language learners are not seen as signs of language incompetency, rather than are considered as measures for assessing second language , competency in learning a second language. In the present research, it is attempted to analyze the written errors of Kazakh- Persian students based on Corder’s model. The main question of the study is the determination of frequent errors in the writing of Kazakh students, and the hypothesis is that the grammatical errors are more than lexical errors in the written text of the Kazakh language students. The present research is descriptive-analytic and its theoretical framework is the proposed Corder model. The statistical population of this research is non-Persian speaking Kazakh who study Persian language as a second language in Persian language at the Ablai Khan University in Kazakhstan. The research tool is a collection of 24 written articles from Kazakh undergraduate students that relates to the final test of their writing course with the right to choose a topic from among the five suggested subjects. On average, each entry contains 150 words.  First, the language errors of Kazakh students were identified and extracted based on the proposed Corder model. Then, based on the type of errors, they were categorized and analyzed using statistical software. The frequency of errors were determined and finally analyzed. The research findings confirmed the hypothesis. The results of this research show that out of a total of 466 errors identified in the Kazakh written articles, the most errors are due to the non-observance of grammatical points with 231 cases and 47% of the total errors, and then the graphological – phonological errors with 182 cases and 41% of The sum of the errors is the worst mistake. Lexico-semantic errors with 43 occurrences and 10% of the total errors, in the next rank are the frequency of errors, and the lowest errors with 10 occurrences and 2% errors, are related to the cognitive- application errors.


Ahmadvand, A. 2010. Persian Writing Error Analysis of German-Speaking Students of elementary Persian-language teaching to non-Persian speaker, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran. [In Persian]
Alavi-Moghadam, B. &. Kheirabadi. M .2012. "Analysis of Writing Errors of Iranian Non-speakers­ Persian students". Quarterly Journal of Educational Innovations. ". No. 43. [In Persian]
Brown, H. D. 2000. Principles of Language Learning and Teaching (4th edition). New York: Longman
Corder, S. P. 1973. Introducing Applied Linguistics. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Corder, S. P. 1973. 'The Language of Kehaar'. RELC Journal, Vol. 8, No. i, 1-12.
ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ. 1975. Error Analysis, Interlanguage and Second Language Acquisition. Language Teaching Abstracts, VIII, 14.
ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ .1982. Error analysis and interlanguage, New York: Oxford University Press
Crystal, D. and Varley. R.1993 Introduction to language pathology London: Whurr, 3rd edition.
Darus, S. 2009. Error Analysis of the Written English Essays of Secondary School Students in Malaysia: ACase Study. European Journal of Social Sciences, 8 (3): 483-495.
Eslami, M. 2014. Persian writing Error Analysis of Russian-Speaking intermediate Persian language learners, Master's thesis in teaching Persian to non-Persian speakers, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad. [In Persian]
Galedari. M. 2008. Analysis of Writing Errors of Non-Iranian Language Learners, Teaching Persian to Non-Persian speaker seminar, Tehran, Iran language center. [In Persian]
Gholamhosseinzadeh,G. Faryzeh, A. 2013; Learning and Teaching Persian language to Kazakhs based on linguistic similarities and differences; P. 47-53. [In Persian]
Golpour, L. 2018. Designing specialized Writing Skills Test for non-Persian speakers: Solutions and Error Analysis. Journal of Persian Language Teaching Other Languages, Volume 7, Issue 2 (16) Autumn & Winter 2019, pp. 45-68. [In Persian]
Kamaleddin, Seyyed Mohammad Bagher.2015· Persian language Literature in Kazakhstan: History and Analysis. Ourmozd Research Journal, Issue 21, spring 1393. [In Persian]
Keshavarz, M.H. 2011. Contrastive Analysis and Error           Analysis, Tehran: Rahnama Publication.
Mirdehgan. M. 2001. Contrastive linguistics, a basic strategy in language learning. The Third International Assembly of Professors of Persian Language and Literature. University of Tehran, Tehran. [In Persian]
Motavallian Naeinie, R. 2011. Qualitative Analysis of English Spelling Errors in Persian Language Learners. Development of Language Education, No. 97, pp. 16-22. [In Persian]
Navabi Ghasri, A. 2006. Analysis of Persian Writing Errors of Arabic Language Learners, Master'd thesis in teaching Persian language to Non-Persian Speakers, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran. [In Persian]
Ostovar Abarqhoei A. 2014. The Study of Arabic Syntax Errors in Learning Persian as a Foreign Language, Master's Thesis in Farsi-language teaching to non-Persian speakers, Isfahan University, Isfahan. [In Persian]
Satihong, H. 2010. A Study of Vietnamese Grammatical Errors in Persian Language Learning. Master's thesis in Persian language teaching to non-Persian speakers, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran [In Persian]
Selinker, L. 1993. Fossilization as simplification? In M. Tickoo (ed.) Simplification: Theory and Application, Anthology series 32, pp.14-28. Singapore: Southeast Asian Ministries of Education Organization. University Press.
Дорофеева, Т.М. 1988 Синтаксическаясочетаемость русского глагола, - М.: «русский язык».
Volume 10, Issue 2
March 2020
Pages 45-65
  • Receive Date: 13 July 2019
  • Revise Date: 21 January 2020
  • Accept Date: 05 February 2020
  • First Publish Date: 20 February 2020