A Constructional Study of the Compounds of Body Part “Del” (Heart) in Persian

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Linguistics, University of Isfahan

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Linguistics, University of Isfahan

3 Professor, Department of Linguistics, University of Isfahan


This study aims at examining the construction of the word-formation pattern of [del-X] (compounds of “heart”) and investigating its semantic variations, the most general schema and subschemas in Persian employing the Construction Morphology approach (Booij, 2010). To this end, a collection of 71 compound words starting with “del” were collected from Bijankhan Corpus, Dehkhoda and Zansoo Dictionaries and Google. Then they were assigned to different categories based on their semantic variations and the specified categories were closely studied. The results reveal that one general constructional schema and Three subschemas have command of this construction and the central meaning “distinctive feature of an entity related to SEM del and X” is the most abstract pairing of form-meaning understood from all products of this word-formation pattern. This implies that the [del-X] pattern is basically an adjective-making construction and the usage of its compound words in nominal category is through conversion activated by metonymy. Furthermore, it was revealed that the polysemy we deal with here is not at the word level but it is at the construction level.


Abul Kheir, I. 1991. Bahman Nameh, corrected by Rahim Afifi, Tehran, Cultural & Scientific Publication. [In Persian].
Amirarjmandi, S.N. & Assi, M. 2013. Zayaei-e farayand-e tarkib dar zaban-e Farsi [The productivity of compounding in Persian]. Journal of language studies. Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies. Tehran. 4 (1): 1-14. [In Persian].
Anvari, H. 2002. Sokhan Comprehensive Dictionary, Tehran: Sokhan [In Persian].
Anvari-abivardi, A. 1977. Anvari’s Divan, Tehran: Pirouz. [In Persian].
Asadi Tusi, A. A. 1975. Garshasp Nameh (The Epic of Garshasp), Corrected by Rahim Afifi, Tehran, Cultural and Scientific publication. [In Persian].
Bal’ami, A. M. 1962. Tarikh-i Bal’ami, (Mohammad-taghi Bahar, ed.), Tehran, Central writing office. [In Persian].
Bayhaqi, A. 1980. Tarikh-e Bayhaqi, Mashhad, University of Mashhad. [In Persian].
Dehkhoda, A. 1972. Loqatname Dehkhoda (Dehkhoda Dictionary). Tehran, Iran, University of Tehran. [In Persian].
Dehlavi, A. K. 1964. Amir Khosrow Dehlavi’s Divan, Tehran, Javidan. [In Persian].
E’temad-al saltaneh, M. H. K. 1995. Čehel sal tarikh-e Iran dar dowre-ye padeshahi, corrected by Iraj Afshar, Tehran, Asatir. [In Persian].
Ferdowsi, A. 2004. Shah Nameh, based on Moscow publication, (Saeid Hamidian, ed.), Tehran, Ghatreh. [In Persian].
Kashani, K. 1993. Farhang-e Zansou [Zansou Dictionary]. Tehran, Iran, University Publication center. [In Persian].
Mahmoudi-bakhtiari, B. 2010. Tarkib-haye nahvi dar zaban-e Farsi [Syntactic compounds in Farsi]. The Growth of Persian language teaching, 23(3): 32-37. [In Persian].
Naghzguy Kohan, M. & Davari, Sh. 2012. Affixoidation. Journal of Comparative Linguistic Researches, 1(1): 65-85 [In Persian].
Rafiei, A. & Torabi, S. 2014. Inheritance and Motivation of Form and Meaning in Lexicon: Instantiations of Persian Word Formation Patterns. Elm-e-zabân (Language Science), 2(3): 49-64 [In Persian].
Rafiei, A. 2008. A Look at the Semantic Function of Farsi Derivative Suffixes in Farsi (PhD Dissertation in General Linguistics). Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran. [In Persian].
Tabatabaei, A. 2003. Compound Adjectives and Nouns in Persian. Tehran: University Publication center [In Persian].
Torabi, S. 2014. A Construction Morpholoy Account of Agentive derived Nouns in Persian (M.A. Thesis in General Linguistics). University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran [In Persian].
Volume 9, Issue 2
January 2019
Pages 23-43
  • Receive Date: 17 January 2018
  • Revise Date: 19 February 2018
  • Accept Date: 20 February 2018
  • First Publish Date: 22 December 2018