نمود واژگانی در افعال مرکب مشتق از صفت در زبان فارسی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 سایر موارد

2 استاد ادبیات و علوم انسانی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

در این مقاله، نمود واژگانی افعال مرکب مشتق از صفت در زبان فارسی مورد بررسی قرار می­گیرد. بدین منظور، پس از مروری کوتاه بر نمود و انواع آن، به سه دیدگاه رایج در خصوص نمود واژگانی افعال مرکب در زبان فارسی پرداخته می­شود. در دیدگاه اول، همکرد، عامل تعیین­کنندۀ نمود واژگانی افعال مرکب تلقی شده است. دیدگاه دوم، عنصر پیش­فعل را تعیین­کنندۀ نمود واژگانی در افعال مرکب قلمداد کرده، تمامی افعال مرکب مشتق از صفت را دارای نمود یکسان انگاشته است؛ و در دیدگاه سوم، به تفاوت نمود افعال مذکور اشاره شده، اما دلیل آن تبیین نشده است. در این مـقاله، پـس از بررسـی  افعال مرکب مشتق از صفت در زبان فارسی و قرار دادن آنـها در معـرض آزمون­های کرانمندی، نشان می­­دهیم که دیدگاه مبتنی بر ساخت مدرج که در آن ویژگی­های معنایی صفت پایۀ فعل لحاظ شده باشد، از مبنای نظری محکم­تری در تبیین نمود واژگانی افعال مرکب مشتق از صفت برخوردار خواهد بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Lexical Aspect in Persian Deadjectival Complex Predicates

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hassan Barzegar 1
  • Gholamhosain Karimi doustan 2
2 Professor of General Linguistics, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

In this paper, we will study the lexical aspect in Persian deadjectival complex predicates. Hence, we firstly review different kinds of aspect. Then, we will succinctly review three common viewpoints in the study of aspect in Persian complex predicates. According to the first viewpoint, light verbs play the major role in the telicity of the complex verbs; the second considers preverb to be determinant and regards all of the deadjectival complex predicates to be telic; and finally, the third viewpoint, although pointing out to the non-homogeneity of  Persian complex predicates, does not provide us with an explanation behind such inconsistency. It is argued in this paper that approaches based on the scalar structure of the verb, in which the lexical properties of the base adjective is considered to be of great importance, stand in a better position in accounting for the aspectual properties of Persian deadjectival complex predicates.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • complex predicate
  • lexical aspect
  • telicity
  • scalar structure
  • Passive element

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