نگرشی تکلیف- محور از نوسانات انگیزشی فارسی آموزان خارجی در حال تحصیل در ایران (فارسی آموزان عرب و چینی سطح مقدماتی و میانی)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروۀ زبان شناسی و آموزش زبان فارسی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

2 استادیار آموزش زبان انگلیسی دانشگاه کوثر بجنورد

چکیده

انگیزش در یادگیری زبان جدید بر محوریت شخص و زمان استوار است. انگیزش فراگیران زبانی در طول زمان نوساناتی تدریجی را تجربه می‏نماید و تصویر شخص از خودش در هر یک از بازه‏های زمانی تحقیق متفاوت است. بررسی تعامل موجود میان بازه‏های زمانی مختلف در شکل‎گیری زبان دوم حوزۀ تحقیقاتی جدیدی است (دی بات، 2015). به‏‏منظور واکاوی این ماهیت تعاملی، تحقیق حاضر پویایی موجود در انگیزش گروهی از فارسی‏آموزان را در بازۀ زمانی طولانی‏تری مورد مطالعه قرار داده که خود این بازه‏ متشکل از تکالیفی بود که در بازۀ زمانی کوتاه‌تر انجام می‏گرفتند. بدین منظور 96 نفر از فارسی‏آموزان سطح مقدماتی و میانی چینی و عرب‌زبان در آغاز ترم تحصیلی (پیش از انجام تکالیف انگیزشی) و پایان‌ترم (پس از انجام تکالیف انگیزشی) مورد مطالعه قرار گرفتند تا تصویر روشن‏تری از عناصر انگیزشی مختلف در طول زمان در آنها به دست آید. نتایج تحقیق بازنمودهای متفاوتی را از مؤلفه‏های نظام خودهای انگیزشی زبان دوم در طول بازه‏های زمانی مختلف تحقیق آشکار ساخت. صرف‏نظر از بازنمود تدریجی این مؤلفه‏ها، نتایج آزمون آنووا نشان داد که تفاوت‏های معناداری بین نمرات هر یک از این مؤلفه‏ها در هر یک از بازه‏های زمانی وجود داشتند و این به‏‏خوبی تأثیر فعالیت‏های انگیزشی در طول ترم را بر افزایش سطح مؤلفه‏های انگیزشی (خود آرمانی، خود بایدی و تجربۀ یادگیری) در پایان ترم در همه گروه‏های فارسی‏آموزان اعم از عرب‌زبان و چینی در دو سطح مقدماتی و میانی مشخص می‏سازد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Task-Oriented Perspective of Temporal Fluctuation of Motivation for Learning Persian among Foreign Students in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahraa Abbasi 1
  • Hadi Yaghoubinezhad 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Linguistics, Tarbiat Modares University
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Foreign Languages, Kosar University of Bojnord, Bojnord, Iran
چکیده [English]

Motivation for learning a new language is both self and time-oriented. The language learner’s motivation experiences gradual fluctuation over time and the view of oneself is different on each timescale of the study. Interaction among different timescales throughout the Second Language Development (SLD) is a novel area of investigation (De Bot, 2015). In order to probe this interactive nature, the present study aimed to examine the motivational dynamics of a group of Persian learners on a longer timescale composed of tasks performed on a shorter timescale. To this end, a group of 96 Arab and Chinese Persian learners in both elementary and intermediate levels were surveyed at the onset (before performing tasks) and the end of the course (after performing tasks) to better picture the interplay of different motivational themes over time. The results revealed different manifestations of components of L2 Motivational Self System (L2MSS) over different timescales of the study. Apart from this evolutionary manifestation of L2MSS components, ANOVA results revealed significant differences between scores of each individual component among these two timescales. In sum, results of the study confirmed temporal and visionary variation in participants’ motivation. Finally, some implications were derived from the findings of the study.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • fluctuations
  • interaction
  • timescales
  • L2 motivational self-system
  • second language development

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